Date: 1756 (1777)
Size: 68x46 cm (26¾x19¼") each sheet
Engraved map, outline color. On eight sheets, each measuring approx. 68x46 cm (26¾x19¼"), backed with old orange linen and sectioned for folding to approx. 20x13 cm (8x5¼), with manuscript label on the back of each; modern slipcase. Fifth impression of the third French edition.
French edition of John Mitchell's highly important and influential map of North America, which was first published in 1755. The large scale and fine engraving of this issue make it worthy of the original. The Mitchell map was the one used in framing the Treaty of Peace between the United States and Great Britain signed on September 3, 1783, and it is considered by the Dictionary of American Biography as "the most important map in American History." As described by Cummings, Mitchell's map covers the seaboard of North America from southern Labrador to Newfoundland, to Florida and Texas, and extends to what is now Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska, and South Dakota. Though rich in topographical, hydrographic, and settlement detail, it was to have its greatest impact as a political map illustrating the many boundaries dividing the land that would soon be in heated contest, first by Europe's great imperial powers and their Red allies, and then by Britain's disaffected and rebellious colonists... Mitchell's map met with a very favorable reception in England as well as on the continent of Europe and in the American colonies. A surprisingly large number of editions and plagiarisms of it were issued over a period of three or more decades.." (See Cummings 293). The present issued may be identified in part by the addition of "A. German-Town, Carré. M. 28" south of Long Island. With large inset of Hudson's Bay in upper left.
Further Notes from the Files of Warren Heckrotte:
Full title: Amerique Septentrionale avec les Routes, Distances en miles, Villages et Etablissements François et Anglois Par le Docteur Mitchel Traduit de l'Anglois A Paris Par le Rouge Ingr. Geographe du Roy rue des Grands Augustins 1777 Corigée en 1776 par M. Hawkins Brigadier des armées du Roi. | North America So Doctor Michel zu London im 1777 ten jahr ausgegeben jetzt aver in das franzosische ubersetzt. zu Paris durch h[?] le Rouge in der grossen augustiner Strasse 1777 Verbessert 1776. | Nota. Francreich besitzet was grun und blau ist Egland hat das Gelbe und Will das grune darzuhaben. | [inset:] Nouvelle Carte De La Baye D'Hudson et de Labrador selon les dernieres Cartes Levées sur les leux. | [two linear scales]
Watermark : Chaplet with c-k; Heawood 238.
Provenance: Wreden, 10/72
References: Ristow, A la Carte, pp 102-113 ( Rep in part ). Fite and Freeman, plate 47 ( Rep English edition )
Some faint dust soiling and fingering, a few minor worm holes; very good condition.
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